Landschaftsverband Rheinland - Qualität für Menschen


1929
Publication of the first collage novel entitled "La femme 100 têtes'" (The Hundred-Headed Woman). Two more collage novels entitled "Rêve d'une petite fille qui voulut entrer au Carmel" and "Une semaine de bonté ou les sept elements capitaux" are published in 1930 and 1934.


1934
Max Ernst writes "Was ist Surrealismus?" (What is Surrealism?) for the exhibition catalogue of the Kunsthaus Zürich.

1935
First sculptural works produced through the casting in plaster of everyday objects.

1936
"Beyond painting" is published in the magazine "Cahiers d'Art".  With this text Max Ernst determines theoretical standing.

1938-1939
Max Ernst moves with the English painter and writer Leonora Carrington to a farmhouse in Saint Martin d'Ardèche. He decorates the house with wall paintings and reliefs. After the outbreak of war Max Ernst is interned several times in French camps.

1941
In July Max Ernst emigrates to the USA. In New York he marries the art collector Peggy Guggenheim, whom he divorces in 1943. Max Ernst travels with Peggy, her daughter Pegeen and his son Jimmy to the West Coast. He starts collecting Kachina dolls and masks.

1944
Max Ernst spends the summer with the gallerist Julien Levy and the artist Dorothea Tanning. Two years later he marries Tanning in a double ceremony with Man Ray and Juliet Browner in Beverly Hills. He works on a great number of plaster sculptures in Great River on Long Island.

1946
Max Ernst moves with Dorothea Tanning to Sedona (Arizona). Here they build a wooden house and a stone house which they decorate with mask friezes.

1948
Max Ernst acquires the American citizenship.

1951
Ernst's 60th birthday is celebrated with the first major retrospective at Augustusburg Palace in Brühl. The exhibition travels to eight more cities in Germany.

1953
Max Ernst and Dorothea Tanning return to France  and move into a studio in Paris. Ernst is awarded the Grand Prize for Painting at the Venice Biennale in 1954. Therewith he acquires international success. Further retrospectives and distinctions follow.

1958
Max Ernst acquires the French citizenship.

1962
Large retrospective at the Wallraf-Richartz Museum in Cologne. Max Ernst writes "Biographische Notizen. Wahrheitsgewebe und Lügengewebe" (Tissue of Truth and Tissue of Lies).

1964
Publication of "Maximiliana oder die widerrechtliche Ausübung der Astronomie" (Maximiliana, Or the Illegal Practice of Astronomy), a portfolio including typogra-phies, coloured etchings and poems. The project developed in cooperation with the Russian poet, typographer and publisher Iliazd.

1976
Max Ernst dies in Paris on April 1, the eve of his 85th birthday.